Publications

Fukunaga et al. 2017


scientific article | Coral Reefs

Changes in mesophotic reef fish assemblages along depth and geographical gradients in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands

Fukunaga A, Kosaki RK, Wagner D

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Abstract

Mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs) extend from 30 to 150 m in depth and support diverse communities of marine organisms. We investigated changes in the structure of mesophotic reef fish assemblages (27–100 m) in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) along depth and geographical gradients using open- and closed-circuit trimix diving. There were clear changes in the assemblage structure from the southeastern to the northwestern end of the NWHI and from shallow to deep waters. Interactive effects of depth and location were also detected. MCEs in the NWHI can be treated as three regions: southeastern and mid regions primarily separated by the presence and absence, respectively, of the introduced species Lutjanus kasmira, and a northwestern region where fish assemblages are largely composed of endemic species. These spatial patterns may be explained, at least in part, by differences in temperature among the regions.

Research sites

10.1007   s00338 017 1569 6
Keywords
Meta-data
Depth range
27- 100 m

Mesophotic “mentions”
24 x (total of 2528 words)

Fields
Ecology Community structure

Research focus
Fishes

Locations
USA - Hawaii

Research platforms
Diving - Technical Open-Circuit Diving - Technical Rebreather
Author profiles