Behind the science

Coral injuries observed at Mesophotic Reefs after the Deepwater Hor...



   2017, September 21
Posted by Veronica Radice

Interview keywords
Study location
Publication metadata
Fields
Ecology Disturbances Long-term monitoring

Research focus
Octocorallia (Soft Corals) Antipatharia (Black Corals) Other invertebrates

Locations
USA - Gulf of Mexico

Research platforms
Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Coring / drilling Surface-deployed sensors and samplers

“Coral injuries observed at Mesophotic Reefs after the Deepwater Horizon oil discharge”


What was the most challenging aspect of your study (can be anything from field, lab to analysis)?

The review process on this publication was very rigorous because our results demonstrate injuries to corals from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill over a potentially large area.

What was the most memorable moment in undertaking this study?

Realizing that the pathology we were seeing in these corals was very similar to what had been reported for corals at ~1500m depths over 150 km away.

Aar panorama2c Time lapse composite, gag grouper and Swiftia octocoral (C) Ian R. MacDonald
Msftc cst ala 00086 Injured Swiftia octocoral (C) Ian R. MacDonald

What was your favorite research site in this study and why?

The Alabama Alps Reef site--because it is such a diverse setting and also because I had done work there about 15 years earlier as a young scientist and was able to use the earlier results as a baseline.

Other than your co-authors, with whom would you like to share credit for this work?

The research cruise was sponsored by the NOAA National Resource Damage Assessment program. Ken Sulak was the chief scientist. My graduate student Mauricio Silva did a huge amount of work and we were also helped by Peter Etnoyer, a coral scientist with NOAA. Mauricio Silva's PhD research has been supported in part by the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative ECOsystem impacts of Oil & Gas Inputs to the Gulf consortium.

Msftc cst tbr 00006 Yellowtail Snapper and moray eel hiding (C) Ian R. MacDonald
Msftc cst dtr 00088 Scorpinidae under Swiftia octocoral (C) Ian R. MacDonald

Any important lessons learned (through mistakes, experience or methodological advances)?

Our point survey technique is a robust and efficient method for ROV surveys of reef sites.

Can we expect any follow-up on this work?

Mauricio Silva is completing another paper modeling the extent of mesophotic coral habitat in the northern Gulf. I've chosen to provide photos that capture the diversity and beauty of this setting, rather that the extensive injury that we document in the actual paper. This is what we hope to preserve through this work and our continuing research.

Msftc cst ala2 00111 Basket star (C) Ian R. MacDonald
Msftc cst ala2 00177 Brisingid basket star and solitary corals on outcrop (C) Ian R. MacDonald

Featured article:

1 s2.0 s0967064515001800 main Coral injuries observed at Mesophotic Reefs after the Deepwater Horizon oil discharge | article
Silva M, Etnoyer PJ, MacDonald IR (2016)
Deep-Sea Res Part II 129:96-107
Adobe pdf ff6e8bea21f0598930b59d2452bacbad49a13eb0fa773865059b4c2ed088a358
Open access small aa108fa7f478951c693af64a05bc4b46e6711dbb69a20809512a129d4d6b870f