You are currently looking at a beta release of the new website. Apologies for the inconvenience, but for now expect some (= lots of) bugs & mistakes!
The primary entities in the database are scientific publications, for which standard citation data and the full-text contents are indexed. In addition, the following metadata are manually curated (and validated by at least 3 editorial members):
false. Indicates whether the publications presents data from, or presents a discussion on, the mesophotic depth range (
true), or whether it is focused on another depth range (e.g. shallow or deep-sea) but relevant to mesophotic studies (
false), and therefore included in the database. The mesophotic depth range is defined to be from 30-150 m.
false. Indicates whether the publications presents data from, or presents a discussion on, a “mesophotic coral reef ecosystem (MCE)” as characterized by the following definition (altered from the Hinderstein et al. 2010 definition): “characterized by the presence of photosynthetically active corals, algae and associated communities at depths ranging from 30 to 150 m in tropical and subtropical regions” (
true), or whether it is focused on an ecosystem that does not fall under this definition (
false). The altered definition is to reflect the fact despite the “presence of light-dependent corals”, they are often a very small component of the overall ecosystem (particularly at lower mesophotic depths); additionally, while photosynthetically-active, the “dependence” on light may be debatable at lower mesophotic depths. Ecosystems that do not fall under this definition are those in Mediterranean and temperate systems (not subtropical/tropical), or azooxanthellate systems such as subtropical Oculina reefs (not a photosynthetically-active community).
false. Indicates whether the publication presents novel data (
true) or instead represents a review or meta-analysis (
false. Indicates whether the publication includes the establishment of one or more new scientific names of species (
true). Publications reporting on new species without establishing new scientific names for them are not included (e.g. undescribed, cryptic lineages discovered in a phylogenetic study) (
integer(in meters). “The lesser depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters” (sensu DarwinCore). More specifically, this indicates the depth (in meters) of the shallowest data record (e.g. specimen or transect) in the presented dataset or meta-analysis (using normal rounding to obtain integer). Only given for publications that present "Original data". Personal observations mentioned in the publication are not included.
integer(in meters). “The greater depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters” (sensu DarwinCore). More specifically, this indicates the depth (in meters) of the deepest data record (e.g. specimen or transect) in the presented dataset or meta-analysis (using normal rounding to obtain integer). Only given for publications that present "Original data". Personal observations mentioned in the publication are not included.
integer(in meters). “The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive” (sensu DarwinCore).
integer(in meters). “The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.” (sensu DarwinCore).
Popular. Indicates whether the publication is scientific (peer-reviewed), technical (which can be either peer-reviewed or non-peer-reviewed) and popular.
Thesis. Indicates the format of the publication.
categorical. Indicates the platform(s) used to collect the presented data. Only given for publications that present `Original data`. show categories
Acoustic Telemetry3 ,
Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV)17 ,
Baited Remote Underwater Video (BRUV)3 ,
Coring / drilling3 ,
Diving (unspecified)50 ,
Diving - Regular Open-Circuit70 ,
Diving - Technical Open-Circuit56 ,
Diving - Technical Rebreather49 ,
Dredging / trawling10 ,
Manned Submersible80 ,
Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV)52 ,
Sonar / Multibeam21 ,
Surface-deployed sensors and samplers0 ,
Towed Video4 .
categorical. Indicates the research field(s) the publication can be categorized under. show categories
Climate Change0 ,
Community structure158 ,
Long-term monitoring20 ,
Management and Conservation51 ,
Methods and Technology0 ,
Molecular ecology64 ,
categorical. Indicates the focal taxon/taxa of the publication. show categories
Actiniaria and Ceriantharia (Sea anemones)2 ,
Algae (Macro, Turf and Crustose Coralline)42 ,
Antipatharia (Black Corals)9 ,
Bacteria and Archaea9 ,
Octocorallia (Soft Corals)26 ,
Other endosymbionts (non-Symbiodinium)1 ,
Other invertebrates4 ,
Overall benthic (groups)77 ,
Porifera (Sponges)15 ,
Scleractinia (Hard Corals)141 ,
Symbiodinium (zooxanthellae)53 ,
categorical. Indicates the geographic location the publication focuses on. show categories
American Samoa1 ,
Australia - Coral Sea7 ,
Australia - Great Barrier Reef24 ,
Australia - Northern Australia5 ,
Australia - Scott Reef3 ,
Australia - Southeastern Australia2 ,
Australia - Western Australia4 ,
Brazil - Eastern Brazil11 ,
Brazil - Fernando Noronha1 ,
Brazil - St Peter and St Paul Archipelago2 ,
Brazil - Trindade and Martin Vaz5 ,
Cayman Islands9 ,
Chagos Archipelago1 ,
Cook Islands1 ,
Costa Rica - Pacific Ocean0 ,
Ecuador - Galápagos Islands1 ,
El Salvador1 ,
French Polynesia1 ,
Honduras - Bay Islands7 ,
Israel - Mediterranean Sea0 ,
Israel - Red Sea35 ,
Italy - Ligurian Sea2 ,
Italy - Tyrrhenian Sea3 ,
Japan - Okinawa7 ,
Micronesia - Caroline Islands6 ,
Micronesia - Chuuk atoll1 ,
Micronesia - Guam2 ,
Micronesia - Mariana Islands2 ,
Micronesia - Marshall Islands6 ,
Panama - Caribbean Sea1 ,
Panama - Pacific Ocean2 ,
Papua New Guinea0 ,
Puerto Rico31 ,
Republic of Maldives0 ,
Saudi Arabia - Red Sea1 ,
Solomon Islands0 ,
South Africa1 ,
Spain - Mediterranean Sea9 ,
St Vincent1 ,
Sudan - Red Sea1 ,
São Tomé and Príncipe0 ,
Turks and Caicos1 ,
US Virgin Islands35 ,
USA - Continental Atlantic1 ,
USA - Continental Pacific2 ,
USA - Gulf of Mexico7 ,
USA - Hawaii42 ,
USA - Johnston Atoll7 ,
USA - Pulley Ridge19 ,
Venezuela - Islas Los Hermanos1 .
2016-now: The second (latest) release: A beta version of the new mesophotic.org went on-line in June 2016, coinciding with the 13th International Coral Reef Symposium in Hawai'i (USA). This new version is backed by a relational database that contains extensive metadata on all of the listed publications, and offers searching across the full contents of the indexed publications.
2012-2016: Wordpress & social media: Over the past several years, a simplified semi-static (Wordpress) version with just news items and a list of publications/abstracts replaced the original (databases-backed) website. Admittedly only as a temporary solution, however due to a lack of time a new back-end was not developed until 2016. Instead, there was an increased focus on using social media (Facebook and Twitter) to communicate news around mesophotic coral ecosystems.
2008-2011: The original release: The mesophotic.org website officially went on-line in 2008 when it was first announced at the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium in Ft. Lauderdale (Florida / USA) and the International Collaborative Workshop to Prioritize Research and Management Needs for Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems in Jupiter (Florida / USA). The original website was started by Pim Bongaerts (The University of Queensland), with support from Felix Martinez and Lara Hinderstein (National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration - Center for Sponsored Coastal Ocean Research). Over these initial years, the website received small grants from the Center for Sponsored Coastal Ocean Research (CSCOR/NOAA), the Perry Institute for Marine Science (PIMS), the University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez (UPR) and the Pacific Blue Foundation. The website eventually went down due to being hacked (and admittedly not the most secure PHP coding practises).
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