Publications:

Bo et al. 2012


scientific article | PLoS ONE | open access

Deep coral oases in the south Tyrrhenian Sea

Bo M, Canese S, Spaggiari C, Pusceddu A, Bertolino M, Angiolillo M, Giusti M, Loreto MF, Salvati E, Greco S, Bavestrello G



Abstract

A Mediterranean ‘‘roche du large’’ ecosystem, represented by four rocky shoals, located a few miles apart on a muddy bottom at 70–130 m depth in the gulf of St. Eufemia (Calabria, South Tyrrhenian Sea), was studied by means of Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) photo imaging. The shoals host highly diversified coral communities, mainly composed of arborescent colonies of gorgonians (Callogorgia verticillata, Paramuricea clavata, Paramuricea macrospina, Bebryce mollis, Villogorgia bebrycoides, Corallium rubrum, and Leptogorgia sarmentosa), and antipatharians (Antipathella subpinnata, Antipathes dichotoma and Parantipathes larix). The coral colonies reach high densities (up to ca. 17 colonies m22) and large sizes, such as the over 1.5 m wide antipatharian colonies. We hypothesized that the abundance and composition of the coral assemblages differed significantly among the rocky shoals and with respect to the surrounding soft bottoms. Various environmental variables were tested as possible explanatory factors of the observed differences. Moreover, due to their off- coast localization, we report here that these unique ecosystems are potentially subjected to a strong pressure from the local fishing activities, which were tentatively characterized. The recorded coral b-diversity among the shoals supports the hypothesis that these habitats behave like small oases of hard substrata interspersed in a muddy bottom. Because of their intrinsic beauty and rarity and their biological and ecological value, we stress the need of specific actions aimed at the urgent protection of these oases of biodiversity.

Keywords
Meta-data
Depth range
70- 130 m

Mesophotic “mentions”
0 x (total of 7754 words)

Classification
* Presents original data
* Focused on `mesophotic` depth range
* Focused on 'temperate mesophotic ecosystem'

Fields
Biodiversity
Ecology
Community structure

Focusgroups
Antipatharia (Black Corals)
Octocorallia (Soft Corals)

Locations
Italy - Tyrrhenian Sea

Platforms
Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV)

Author profiles
Marzia Bo ( 22 pubs)