Publications:

Mah 2003


scientific article | Bull Mar Sci

Astrosarkus idipi, a new Indo-Pacific genus and species of Oreasteridae (Valvatida: Asteroidea) displaying extreme endoskeletal reduction

Mah CL

Abstract

A new genus and species of oreasterid, Astrosarkus idipi (Asteroidea, Echinodermata) is described from the central Pacific and southern Indian Oceans. The new taxon is characterized by strong reduction and modification of the endoskeleton. Only the terminals and adambulacral spine and mouth-angle spines are externally expressed. The body wall is composed mostly of a thick, smooth flesh that obscures the abactinal, actinal, and marginal plates. The fleshy layer contains an extensive system of channels that begin in the coelom and terminate at the body surface. Also unique is the internal expression of fixed, spiny processes on the ambulacral plates within the coelom. The novel body form of Astrosarkus, parallel to the very different morphology of Acanthaster, demonstrates the morphological plasticity within the Oreasteracea and the conservative evolution of the axially derived ambulacral skeleton.

Keywords
Meta-data
Depth range
60- 200 m

Mesophotic “mentions”
0 x (total of 4138 words)

Classification
* Presents original data
* Reports new species
* Focused on `mesophotic` depth range
* Focused on `mesophotic coral ecosystem`

Fields
Taxonomy

Focusgroups
Other invertebrates

Locations
Republic of Palau
Micronesia - Marshall Islands

Platforms
Rebreather
Manned Submersible

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