Publications

Reich et al. 2017


scientific_article | PLoS ONE

Do the shuffle: Changes in Symbiodinium consortia throughout juvenile coral development

Reich HG, Robertson DL, Goodbody-Gringley G


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Abstract

Previous studies of symbiotic associations between scleractinians corals and Symbiodinium have demonstrated that the consortium of symbionts can change in response to environmental conditions. However, less is known about symbiont shuffling during early coral development, particularly in brooding species. This study examined whether Symbiodinium consortia (1) varied in Porites astreoides on shallow (10m) and upper mesophotic (30m) reefs, (2) changed during coral development, and (3) influenced growth of juveniles in different environments. Symbiodinium ITS2 sequences were amplified using universal primers and analyzed using phylotype-specific primers designed for phylotypes A, B, and C. Adults from both depths were found to host only phylotype A, phylotypes A and B, or phylotypes A, B, and C and the frequency of the phylotype composition did not vary with depth. However, phylotype A was the dominant symbiont that was vertically transmitted to the planulae. The presence of phylotypes B and C was detected in the majority of juveniles when transplanted onto the shallow and upper mesophotic reefs whereas only phylotype A was detected in the majority of juveniles reared in outdoor aquaria. In addition, growth of juvenile P. astreoides harboring different combinations of Symbiodinium phylotypes did not vary when transplanted to different reef zones. However, juveniles reared in in situ reef environments grew faster than those reared in ex situ outdoor aquaria. These results show that Symbiodinium consortia change during development of P. astreoides and are influenced by environmental conditions.

Research sites

10.1371   journal.pone.0171768
Keywords
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Meta-data
Depth range
10- 30 m

Mesophotic “relevance”
54x mentions

Word count
5917 words

Fields
Molecular ecology Physiology

Locations
Bermuda

Research platforms
Diving (unspecified)
Author profiles
Research sites (dec deg)
Bermuda
Rim Reef
Lat: 32.75 Long: -65.383

Bermuda
Rim Reef
Lat: 32.8 Long: -65.416

Bermuda
Rim Reef
Lat: 32.75 Long: -65.383

Bermuda
Rim Reef
Lat: 32.8 Long: -65.416