Einbinder et al. 2009

scientific article | Mar Ecol Prog Ser

Changes in morphology and diet of the coral Stylophora pistillata along a depth gradient

Einbinder S, Mass T, Brokovich E, Dubinsky Z, Erez J, Tchernov D

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The light-limited environment of tropical coral reefs has not been intensively studied due to technical limitations. Studying this vast part of the coral reef is paramount to understanding the ecological and physiological significance of coral–algae symbiosis and defining the boundaries imposed on its bathymetric distribution by the underwater light field. In the present study we describe morphological changes in colonies of the coral Stylophora pistillata and track changes in its carbon sources (autotrophic/heterotrophic behavior) along its full bathymetric distribution. The growth form of hermatypic corals must compromise between an optimal light-trapping surface facilitating photosynthesis and other structures and/or mechanisms that enhance exploitation of nutrient-rich sources such as zooplankton. That architectural modulation is constrained within the species-specific structural and biological characteristics. We found that the profusely branched S. pistillata colonies shift between subspherical morphology at high-light environments to a planar structure at depth. The stable carbon isotopic composition (δ13C) of the host coral tissue changed from a value of –15‰ in shallow water to –23‰ at the deep reef. The latter value indicates either a carbon source with a stable isotope composition equal or below –23‰ or, alternatively, internal carbon cycling between host and algae that involves isotopic fractionation (ε). The δ13C values showed significant correlation to morphological traits, but contradicting trends were found within the traits. A clear shift to heterotrophy was not apparent, which, therefore, suggests that the internal cycling and Rubisco activity are the dominant processes determining isotopic composition.

Research sites

10.3354   meps07908
Meta-data (pending validation)
Depth range
5- 65 m

Mesophotic “mentions”
4 x (total of 3989 words)

Physiology Ecology

Research focus
Scleractinia (Hard Corals) Symbiodinium (zooxanthellae)

Israel - Red Sea

Research platforms
Diving - Regular Open-Circuit Diving - Technical Rebreather
Author profiles
Eran Brokovich ( 9 pubs)
Shai Einbinder ( 6 pubs)
Tali Mass ( 3 pubs)
Dan Tchernov ( 6 pubs)