Publications:

Locker et al. 2010


scientific review | Coral Reefs

Geomorphology of mesophotic coral ecosystems: current perspectives on morphology, distribution, and mapping strategies

Locker SD, Armstrong RA, Battista TA, Rooney JJ, Sherman C, Zawada DG



Abstract

This paper presents a general review of the distribution of mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs) in relationship to geomorphology in US waters. It was specifically concerned with the depth range of 30–100 m, where more than 186,000 km2 of potential seafloor area was identified within the US Gulf of Mexico/Florida, Caribbean, and main Hawaiian Islands. The geomorphology of MCEs was largely inherited from a variety of pre-existing structures of highly diverse origins, which, in combination with environmental stress and physical controls, restrict the distribution of MCEs. Sea-level history, along with depositional and erosional processes, played an integral role in formation of MCE settings. However, mapping the distribution of both potential MCE topography/substrate and existing MCE habitat is only beginning. Mapping techniques pertinent to understanding morphology and MCE distributions are discussed throughout this paper. Future investigations need to consider more cost-effective and remote methods (such as autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) and acoustics) in order to assess the distribution and extent of MCE habitat. Some understanding of the history of known MCEs through coring studies would help understand their initiation and response to environmental change over time, essential for assessing how they may be impacted by future environmental change.

Keywords
Meta-data (pending validation)
Depth range
30- 100 m

Mesophotic “mentions”
164 x (total of 7545 words)

Fields
Geomorphology

Focusgroups
Scleractinia (Hard Corals)

Locations
American Samoa
Puerto Rico
USA - Continental Atlantic
USA - Gulf of Mexico
USA - Hawaii
USA - Pulley Ridge
Micronesia - Mariana Islands

Author profiles
Roy Armstrong ( 10 pubs)
Stanley Locker ( 4 pubs)
John Rooney ( 6 pubs)
Clark Sherman ( 3 pubs)