People

Tyler Smith


Tyler Smith

Center for Marine and Environmental Studies
University of the Virgin Islands
Virgin Islands, U.S.

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Research interests

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Dr. Tyler Smith is a Research Assistant Professor in the Center for Marine and Environmental Studies. His goals are to provide research that will inform traditional ecological fields of study and conservation, while transferring knowledge to the next generation of marine scientists and managers through dialogue and hands-on experience. SmithÕ¢_ŠÎ_†¢s approach towards research is to lead and participate in highly collaborative interdisciplinary research teams to tackle central questions in marine ecology. He feels that research collaboration is essential to maximizing the information potential of research endeavors. Smith integrates cutting-edge techniques and technologies, such as closed circuit rebreather diving and genetic analyses, with observational and manipulative experiments. Smith divides his time between regional and international research programs and teaching within the Masters of Marine and Environmental Science Program at UVI (course: Physical and Ecological Processes Along a Land-Sea Gradient). Smith is also team leader of the Evolutionary & Ecological Patterns & Processes research thrust of the NSF funded Virgin Islands-Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research.SmithÕ¢_ŠÎ_†¢s research focuses on numerous aspects of coral reef ecology, including landscape/seascape processes, organism interactions, and climate change. Specific research interests include algal-herbivore interactions, the ecology and conservation value of deep mesophotic reefs, trophic interactions at fish spawning aggregations, and processes that control the long-term dynamics of coral reef systems, such as coral bleaching, disease, and other factors that increase susceptibility to mortality. Smith is currently the coordinator of the US Virgin Islands Territorial Coral Reef Monitoring Program. This program conducts annual surveys at over 33 monitoring sites in the US Virgin Islands, with intensive assessment of fishes, benthic organisms, and coral health, including threatened Caribbean Acroporid corals. The TCRMP also tracks trends in factors affecting coral reefs, such as oceanographic conditions (e.g., temperature and currents) and anthropogenic stressors (e.g., terrestrial run-off and fishing), using an array of high-technology devices owned and operated by CMES (conductivity/temperature/depth profilers, Acoustic Wave and Current meters, moored fluorometers). Information provided by the TCRMP is vital to wise management of valuable coastal ecosystems. Other funded projects include research into the processes influencing patterns of deep mesophotic reef development, the shifting diversity of Symbiodinium with coral bleaching, and the ecological factors affecting the incidence of Ciguatera Fish Poisoning. Smith has conducted research in the US Virgin Islands, PanamÕóë, GalÕóëpagos, and Florida.

Publications

  Please note that only publications relevant to mesophotic reefs are indexed.

10.1007   s00338 009 0544 2 Landscape video mosaic from a mesophotic coral reef
Gleason ACR, Gracias N, Lirman D, Gintert BE, Smith TB, Dick MC, Reid RP
Coral Reefs 29:253 (2010)
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10.1007   s00338 009 0575 8 Benthic structure and cryptic mortality in a Caribbean mesophotic coral reef bank system, the Hind Bank Marine Conservation District, US Virgin Isl...
Smith TB, Blondeau J, Nemeth RS, Pittman SJ, Calnan JM, Kadison E, Gass J
Coral Reefs 29:289-308 (2010)
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10.1016   j.geomorph.2014.03.005 Mesophotic bioerosion: Variability and structural impact on US Virgin Island deep reefs
Weinstein DK, Smith TB, Klaus JS
Geomorphology 222:14-24 (2014)
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10.1016   j.marpolbul.2008.08.015 Assessing coral reef health across onshore to offshore stress gradients in the US Virgin Islands
Smith TB, Nemeth RS, Blondeau J, Calnan JM, Kadison E, Herzlieb S
Mar Pollut Bull 56:1983-1991 (2008)
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10.15517   rbt.v56i0.5589 Coral disease prevalence and host susceptibility on mid-depth and deep reefs in the United States Virgin Islands
Calnan JM, Smith TB, Nemeth RS, Kadison E, Blondeau J
Rev Biol Trop 56:223-234 (2008)
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10.1038   srep12407 Fertile fathoms: Deep reproductive refugia for threatened shallow corals
Holstein DM, Smith TB, Gyory J, Paris CB
Sci Rep 5:12407 (2015)
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10.1371   journal.pone.0128697 Spectral Diversity and Regulation of Coral Fluorescence in a Mesophotic Reef Habitat in the Red Sea
Eyal G, Wiedenmann J, Grinblat M, D'Angelo C, Kramarsky-Winter E, Treibitz T, Ben-Zvi O, Shaked Y, Smith TB, Harii S, Denis V, Noyes T, Tamir R, Loya Y
PLoS ONE 10:e0128697 (2015)
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10.1111   gcb.13175 Caribbean mesophotic coral ecosystems are unlikely climate change refugia
Smith TB, Gyory J, Brandt ME, Miller WJ, Jossart J, Nemeth RS
Global Change Biol (2015)
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10.1016   j.sedgeo.2015.07.003 Habitat heterogeneity reflected in mesophotic reef sediments
Weinstein DK, Klaus JS, Smith TB
Sediment Geol 329:177-187 (2015)
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10.1007   s00338 015 1339 2 Modeling vertical coral connectivity and mesophotic refugia
Holstein DM, Paris CB, Vaz AC, Smith TB
Coral Reefs :1-15 (2015)
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10.1111   mec.12861 Geographic differences in vertical connectivity in the Caribbean coral Montastraea cavernosa despite high levels of horizontal connectivity at shal...
Serrano X, Baums IB, O'Reilly K, Smith TB, Jones TL, Shearer TL, Nunes FLD, Baker AC
Mol Ecol 23:4226-4240 (2014)
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10.1890   13 0468.1 A depth refugium from catastrophic coral bleaching prevents regional extinction
Smith TB, Glynn PW, Maté JL, Toth LT, Gyory J
Ecology 95:1663-1673 (2014)
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10.1371   journal.pone.0146068 Depth-Independent Reproduction in the Reef Coral Porites astreoides from Shallow to Mesophotic Zones
Holstein DM, Smith TB, Paris CB
PLoS ONE 11:e0146068 (2016)
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10.1038   srep21619 Long distance dispersal and vertical gene flow in the Caribbean brooding coral Porites astreoides
Serrano XM, Baums IB, Smith TB, Jones RJ, Shearer TL, Baker AC
Sci Rep 6:21619 (2016)
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10.1371   journal.pone.0151953 Seasonal Variability in Calorimetric Energy Content of Two Caribbean Mesophotic Corals
Brandtneris VW, Brandt ME, Glynn PW, Gyory J, Smith TB
PLoS ONE 11:e0151953 (2016)
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10.3389   fmars.2016.00115 Potential Structuring Forces on a Shelf Edge Upper Mesophotic Coral Ecosystem in the US Virgin Islands
Smith TB, Brandtneris VW, Canals M, Brandt ME, Martens J, Brewer RS, Kadison E, Kammann M, Keller J, Holstein DM
Front Mar Sci 0:0 (2016)
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No pdf 1b9f3d12ef7c41b5dcd6d3ff4f9dd4724048d17a98698858e66d6e1bb8a51198 Coral growth, bioerosion, and secondary accretion of living orbicellid corals from mesophotic reefs in the US Virgin Islands
Weinstein DK, Sharifi A, Klaus JS, Smith TB, Giri SJ, Helmle KP
Mar Ecol Prog Ser 559:45-63 (2016)


Research keywords
Research details (top 5 / category)
Fields
7  Connectivity
6  Ecology
5  Community structure
4  Reproduction
3  Molecular ecology

Focusgroups
13  Scleractinia (Hard Corals)
6  Overall benthic (groups)
1  Fish
1  Algae (Macro, Turf and Crustose Coralline)
1  Milleporina (Fire Corals)

Locations
13  US Virgin Islands
2  Bermuda
2  USA-Florida
1  Israel-Eilat
1  Panama-Pacific Ocean

Platforms
6  Diving (unspecified)
6  Diving - Technical Open-Circuit
3  Diving - Regular Open-Circuit
1  Diving - Technical Rebreather
1  Sonar

Co-authors
4  Holstein
4  Nemeth
3  Calnan
3  Weinstein
2  Baker